Birds of Florida: The Complete List + Photos for Fast & Accurate ID

Inside: A complete list of birds in Florida plus a full-color photo of each bird, details about habitat, diet, appearance, nesting habits, and a range map to show you where in the state you may see them.

You spotted a bird in Florida – but what type is it? The next step is to identify it. I got you!

With more than 20 years of experience attracting backyard birds to my yard (in Wisconsin), I’ve studied all of the birds in my area so I have the information you’re looking for. For those species that don’t live in my area, I rely on my trusty sourcebooks and friends at The Cornell Lab of Ornithology to guide me.

This article includes wild bird species in Florida. These are birds that are found in and around backyards or nearby. Some birds live in Florida year-round, others are here to breed, and others are migrating through.

The range maps are color-coded so you know if it’s a year-round bird, there to breed, migrating through, or there during a nonbreeding time.

range map color coded key

I also included a beautiful closeup photo to help you identify these beauties along with detail such as:

  • Size + appearance description
  • Diet in the wild and at the feeder
  • Habitat
  • Nest & eggs description
  • Range map

My hope is that this article will help you easily identify the bird you saw or plan to see one day. So let’s get at it, here are birds in Florida:

Quick Navigation

American Crow

American crow sitting on a fence
American crow. Photo by Khamkhor on Unsplash
AppearanceLarge all black bird about16-20″ long, wide neck with a long straight bill. Male and female have same appearance.
DietOpportunistic scavengers eating just about anything they can find on the ground – especially garbage. Natural living fare includes insects, spiders, frogs, snakes, and other birds eggs & young.
Feeder FoodNot likely to visit a feeder.
HabitatCommon bird found in every contiguous US state and most of Canada. Types of habitat include fields, open wooded and forested areas, river edges, shores, towns, cites, parks, and more. The only place you won’t find them is in the hot desert.
NestingBuilds nests in a large shrub or tree as high as 20′, 1-2 broods/season, 3-9 eggs per brood, eggs are bluish-green, gray spots, incubation is about 18 days.

Range Map

american crow range map
American crow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

American Goldfinch

American goldfinch perched on a pole
American goldfinch. Photo by Stephen Walker on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 4.5″ long, bright yellow body, black wings with white stripes, black forehead, short orange beak. During winter has a dingy brown body, duller yellow head, and thicker white stripes on its wings. Breeding females are similar to males except their bodies are lemon yellow and wings have more white tips
DietSeeds from flowers, weeds, grasses, and small trees. Some insects.
Feeder FoodThistle seed (Nyjer)
HabitatCommon bird throughout contiguous US and southern part of Canada. Weedy fields, roadsides, orchards, and backyards.
NestingBuilds nest in deciduous shrub or tree, sometimes conifers, placed on branch’s fork as high as 20′, 1-2 broods/season, 2-7 eggs per brood, eggs are pale bluish-white sometimes with spots, incubation is about 12-14 days.

Range Map

American goldfinch map range
American goldfinch range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

American Kestrel

American kestrel perched
American kestrel. Image by Pixamio from Pixabay
AppearanceThe American kestrel is a small raptor at about 10 1/2″ in length. They have blue/gray wings, cinnamon back with black bars, cinnamon tail with a black bar near the tip, and tan underneath with dark spots. The female is the same except she has reddish-brown underparts and a tail with dark bars. And, her underparts have reddish streaks.
DietLarge insects, lizards, rodents, and small birds.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatOpen areas especially rural and suburban fields.
NestingAmerican kestrels nest in an old woodpecker hole or some other natural cavity. They have 1-2 broods/season and 4-5 eggs/brood. Eggs are white-yellow or light brown with spots. Incubation is for 29-30 days and fledglings leave the nest at 28-31 days.

Range Map

American kestrel range map.
American kestrel range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

American Redstart

american redstart sitting on a branch
American redstart. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 4.5-5″ long, mostly black, white belly, orange stripes and patches on the tail, wings, and side. Female have soft gray head, olive back and sings, white belly and yellow/orange stripes & patches on the tail, wings, and side.
DietInsects, small berries and fruits from shrubs.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatFound in every contiguous US state and parts of Canada. Prefers open wooded areas especially those with deciduous trees.
Nesting1-5 eggs, eggs are white with brown or reddish spots, incubation is 10-13 days.

Range Map

American redstart range map
American redstart range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

American Robin

American robin perched on a branch
American robin. Photo by Trac Vu on Unsplash
AppearanceMedium-size bird about 10″ long, gray/brown upper, brown/orange underparts, yellow beak, white chin, white surrounding eyes. orange beak. Female has lighter head and underparts.
DietEarthworms, insects, and fruit.
Feeder FoodNot a feeder visitor.
HabitatCommon and pervasive throughout US and Canada. Found in fields, parks, wooded and forested areas, mountains, and back yards.
NestingNesting sites vary from lower half of a tree to rain gutters, outdoor lights, and more. 1-3 broods/season, 3-5 eggs/brood, eggs about 1.1 long x 8″ wide, sky blue or blue/green in color, incubation from 12-14 days.

Range Map

american robin bird on a branch
American Robin range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Baltimore Oriole

Baltimore oriole sitting on a branch
Baltimore oriole. Photo by Lonnie Gilstrap.
Female Baltimore oriole on a deck rail approaching food
Female Baltimore oriole. Photo by Donna Cooper.
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 8.25″ long. Male Baltimore orioles have a flaming orange body and black head with black and white wing bars. The tail is orange with black and white streaks.
The female and juvenile birds have pale yellow heads and bodies with grayish-brown wings and white wing bars.
Both genders have a gray bill and dark eyes.
Diet Insects, berries, and nectar from flowers.
Feeder FoodBaltimore Orioles will eat sweet foods such as nectar, oranges, and regular grape jelly.
HabitatBaltimore orioles can be found in residential areas and wooded edges rich with high, deciduous shade trees – especially during breeding. They often nest near natural water sources such as ponds and rivers.
NestingThe female builds a 4-6″ hanging long purse-style nest suspended on the end of a forked branch and only has one brood per year. About 4-5 bluish-colored eggs with brown markings are incubated for 12-14 days.

Range Map

map of Baltimore oriole migrating, breeding, and winter range
Baltimore oriole migration, breeding, wintering map.

Barn Swallow

Barn Swallow
Barn Swallow. Photo by Lisa Minica.
Appearance7″ long, steel blue glossy on top, chestnut forehead and throat, and rust-orange underparts. Long forked tail with a white base. The female’s coloring is lighter and the tail shorter.
DietInsects, preferably beetles, wasps, and flies. Drinks by skimming the surface of the water.
Feeder FoodNot likely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen fields and pastures.
NestingTypically nests in or on a manmade structure such as a barn. Builds nests of mud. 2 broods/season, 4-5 eggs per brood, eggs are white with brown markings, incubation from 13-17 days.

Range Map

barn swallow range map
Barn swallow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Belted Kingfisher

Belted kingfisher on a perch
Belted kingfisher. Image by Katherine Durtnell from Pixabay
AppearanceLarge 13″ long bird with a large head, long bill, and stocky body.  Blue/gray throughout with white ring around neck and white chest. Female is same but with additional chestnut band on chest.
DietMostly fish with some crustaceans, insects, amphibians, reptiles, young birds, small mammals, and berries.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to come to the feeder but often attracted to yards with streams or ponds.
HabitatNear streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, and calm marine waters – especially unclouded water with little vegetation.
NestingDig burrows along waters edge. 1-2 broods/season, 5-8 eggs/brood – large white glossy eggs (1.5″ long), 22-24 days incubation.

Range Map

belted kingfisher range map
Belted kingfisher range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Black Throated Blue Warbler

Black-Throated Blue Warbler.
Black-Throated Blue Warbler. Photo by Forest Jarvis.
Appearance5″ long, midnight/steel blue back, black throat, white belly
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodSuet, peanut butter, and nectar.
HabitatPrefer mature deciduous and mixed evergreen woodlands with plenty of thick shrubs.
NestingCup-shaped nest in shrub made of bark and spider webs. 1-3 broods/season, 2-5 eggs/brood, eggs are small .6″-.8″, creamy white and speckled. 12-13 days incubation and fledges at x

Range Map

Black throated blue warbler range map
Black-throated blue warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Black Vulture

Black vulture
AppearanceThe black vulture is a large bird about 25″ long. They’re all black, heads are wrinkled gray & unfeathered (bare), bills are hooked and legs are white.
DietAnimal carcasses.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatForested and open areas.
NestingBlack vultures nest on the ground in a hidden thicket or hollow log. There is no “nest” per se. They have 1 brood/season and 2 eggs/brood. Eggs are pale green to bluish/white with brown spots. Incubation lasts 37-41 days and fledglings leave the nest at 75-80 days.

Range Map

Black vulture range map.
Black vulture range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Black-and-White Warbler

Black and white warbler perched on a tree
Black and white warbler. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceThe black-and-white warbler is a small bird about 5″ long and has similar colorings as a zebra. They have a white belly and black chin with black-and-white stripes on the crown with a black patch on their cheek.
The female is the same only duller and without the black chin and cheek patch.
DietInsects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatDeciduous as well as mixed forests.
NestingThey build a cup-shaped nest and have 1 brood/season. There are about 4-5 eggs/brood – white with brown markings. Incubation is for 10-11 days.

Range Map

Black-and-white warbler range map.
Black-and-white warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Black-Throated Green Warbler

Black throated green warbler perched on a pine tree branch
Black-throated green warbler. Photo by Cheryl Anne.
AppearanceSmall bird about 4.5″ long with a bright yellow head, black throat, and green back. Black and white streaks over the sides.

The female is similar but has a white throat.
DietPrimarily insects. Will dine on berries while migrating.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatThey prefer forests with a mix of coniferous and other deciduous trees.
NestingThe female builds a small cup-shaped nest 3-10′ off the ground in a tree. They have one brood/year. There are about 3-5 tiny eggs, white with brown spots. Incubation is 12 days.

Range Map

Black-throated green warbler range map.
Black-throated green warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Blue Grosbeak

Blue Grosbeak
Blue Grosbeak. Photo by Donna Cooper.
Appearance8″ long, large, bright blue, large silver bill, and chestnut wingbars, Female’s primary color is light cinnamon with darker colored wings.
DietInsects, seeds, and grains.
Feeder FoodGrain and birdseed.
HabitatThick shrubbery and areas with tall trees.
NestingSmall cup-shaped nest of twigs and miscellaneous organic materials, 1-2 broods/season, 3-5 eggs/brood, pale-blue eggs about .8-.9″ long, 12-13 days incubation.

Range Map

blue grosbeak range map
Blue grosbeak range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Blue Jay

Blue jay on snowy branch
Blue jay. Photo by Cathy Cardone.
AppearanceLarge bird 12″ long, medium blue & white body, blue crest (which he flattens at will), gray belly and white face. White & blue wings with black spots. Female look the same.
DietInsects, fruit, seeds, nuts, other birds’ eggs and nestlings.
Feeder FoodWhole peanuts, sunflower seeds, and cracked corn.
HabitatForested areas with mixed trees types. Also common in suburbs and urban areas.
NestingA bulky large nest made from twigs, bark, and mud resting on a tree branch about 5-50′ up. 1-2 broods/season, 2-7 eggs/brood, eggs are bluish, olive green or light brown spotted eggs. olive green/blue with brown marks. Incubation is 17-18 days and the young fledge between 17-21 days.

Range Map

Blue jay range map
Blue jay range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Wouldn’t you love to have blue jays in your yard? Check out: 7 Proven Ways to Attract Blue Jays to Your Yard.

Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher

Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher
Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher. Photo by Ray Hennessy on Unsplash
AppearanceTiny birds 4.25″ long, soft blue/gray upper parts, white eye ring, white underparts, long black long tail with white under. Females are the same. Breeding male is accented with narrow black eyebrow.
DietInsects and spiders.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit the feeder.
HabitatDeciduous forested areas.
NestingTidy cup-shaped nest of natural fibers, bark, and spiderweb about 3-80′ high in a tree or shrub. 1-2 broods/season, 3-5 eggs/brood, eggs are pale blue with red/brown spots. 11-15 days incubation, young fledge at about 10-15 days.

Range Map

Blue gray gnatcatcher range map
Blue gray gnatcatcher range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Brewer’s Blackbird

Brewer's blackbird staring at the camera
Brewer’s blackbird. Photo by Chris Briggs on Unsplash
AppearanceBrewer’s blackbird is a large bird about 9″ long. They’re all black with purple and green iridescence on the head and body. The female is dull gray/brown instead.
DietInsects, seeds, and berries.
Feeder FoodAny type of seed offered on a platform feeder or scattered on the ground.
HabitatInhabits a variety of habitats – open woodlands, mountain meadows, city sidewalks, and suburban backyards.
NestingThey nest in a tree 20-40 feet up. The nest is a bulky cup shape comprised of twigs, grasses, and other plant material. They have 1-2 broods/season and 4-6 eggs/brood. The eggs are light gray to greenish/white and often spotted. Incubation is for 12-14 days and fledglings leave the nest at 13-14 days.

Range Map

Brewer's blackbird range map.
Brewer’s blackbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Brown Creeper

Brown creeper climbing up a tree trunk
Brown creeper. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceThe brown creeper is a small bird about 5″ long. They have a brown body with a white belly, long tail, and thin curved bill. They have a white streak above each eye. The female looks the same.
DietInsects, nuts, and seeds.
Feeder FoodHulled sunflower seeds, suet, and hulled peanuts.
HabitatForested areas.
NestingCup-shaped nest They have 1 brood/season and 5-6 eggs/brood. Eggs are white with tiny brown marks. Incubation is for 14-17 days.

Range Map

Brown creeper range map.
Brown creeper range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Brown Thrasher

Brown thrasher perched on a fence
Brown thrasher. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceLarge rusty-red bird about 11″ long. Long, thin tail, heavily streaked chest and belly. Long curved bill and bright yellow eyes. Also has two white wing bars.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodNot a common feeder bird but may stop to dine on fallen seeds.
HabitatThick shrubs, wooded edges, and hedgerows in the east. In the western part of the range, they can be found living in tree lines, fence rows, and woodlands.
NestingBulky cup-shaped nest about 3.5″ in diameter located low in a thorny shrub or tree. They have about two broods per year, 4-5 pale blue 1″ eggs with brown markings.

Range Map

Brown thrasher range map. Compliments of <a href="https://www.birds.cornell.edu/home">The Cornell Lab</a>.
Brown thrasher range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Brown-Headed Cowbird

Brown-headed cowbird perched on a fence
Brown-headed cowbird. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 7 1/2″ long. The male is a glossy black with a chocolate brown head with a long pointed gray bill. The female is a dull brownish-gray.
DietInsects and seeds.
Feeder FoodMixed birdseed.
HabitatThick shrubs, wooded edges, and hedgerows in the east. In the western part of the range, they can be found living in tree lines, fence rows, and woodlands.
NestingBrown-headed cowbirds don’t build nests. They lay about 5-7 white eggs with brown markings in other birds’ nests to incubate and raise the young.

Range Map

Brown-headed cowbird range map
Brown-headed cowbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Carolina Chickadee

Carolina chickadee perched on a fence
Carolina chickadee. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceThe Carolina chickadee is a small bird about 5″ long. They’re primarily gray on top and white underneath. They have a black cap & throat, white cheeks that fade to gray in the back, and buffy tan flanks.
DietInsects, spiders, seeds, and small fruits.
Feeder FoodSunflower seeds, peanut chips, and suet.
HabitatWoodlands and wooded edges, suburbs, and city parks.
NestingCarolina chickadees are cavity nesters – usually in an old woodpecker hole. They have 1 brood/season with 5-8 eggs/brood. Incubation lasts for 12-15 days and fledglings leave the nest at about 16-19 days post hatch.

Range Map

Carolina chickadee range map.
Carolina chickadee range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Carolina Wren

Carolina wren perched on a branch
Carolina wren. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5 1/2″ long, chunky shape with deep rusty brown above and cinnamon color below. Bold white stripe above the eye and throat. Down curved bill.
DietInsects and spiders.
Feeder FoodCarolina wrens are common at the feeder. They enjoy hulled sunflower seeds, mealworms, peanut hearts, and suet in the winter.
HabitatBrushy woods and wooded backyards.
NestingBulky domed cup nest less than 10 up in a tree, inside an open tree cavity, in a hanging fern plant, or even in an upside-down flower pot. They have 1-3 broods/year, 4-6 eggs/brood, and incubate for 12-14 days. Eggs are a shade of white or pink/white with tiny brown spots.

Range Map

Carolina wren range map
Carolina wren range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Cave Swallow

AppearanceSmall 5.5″ long bird with, narrow body, pointed wings, tail with notch, and short bill. Dark gray/brown above and pale below, black strip on head, chestnut rump, forehead, and cheeks, and the pale chestnut throat. 


DietInsects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatGrasslands near water.
NestingPrefers to nest in cave entrances but will also use bridges and culverts. Nest made from mud and bat guano (excrements from seabirds & bats). 1-2 broods/season, 1-5 eggs/brood, eggs are .85″ long and white with dark spots, incubation is from 15-18 days.

Cedar Waxwing

Cedar Waxwing sitting on a branch
Cedar Waxwing. Photo by Mike Carmo.
AppearanceThe cedar waxwing is about 7 1/4″ long, primarily light brown with a silky crest of the same color, yellow belly, a bright yellow tip on the tail, varying shades of brown underneath, and a touch of red at the tip of the upper wings. The beak is black, short, and pointy.
Male and female adults look pretty much the same with one very subtle difference – the black on the male’s chin encompasses a slightly larger area than the female
DietMostly fruit. Insects if no fruit is available.
Feeder FoodFruit (oranges)
HabitatOpen forests, orchards, and wooded residential areas especially near berry bushes.
NestingThe pair builds an open-cup-style nest 6-20′ high in a tree. She lays 3-5 eggs and incubates for 12-14 days. The eggs are blue-gray and often spotted with black or gray.

Range Map

US map showing the migration range of the cedar waxwing
Map depicting where cedar waxwings can be found throughout the year. Compliments of Cornell University.

Cerulean Warbler

Cerulean Warbler
Cerulean Warbler. Photo by Ruth Cornwell.
AppearanceSmall 4.3″ long bird, sky-blue above, white wing bars, darker blue streaks on back, white belly, steel/blue neck band & stripes on the sides. Females are light blue/green above, soft yellow belly, brown wings, and a bit of white under the eye.
DietInsects and plants.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit feeder.
HabitatDeciduous forests with mature tall trees.
NestingCup-shaped nests of twigs, grass and spiderwebs placed in tree 16-115′ up. 1 brood/season, 1-5 eggs/brood, eggs are .6-.8″ long, gray/green and speckled with brown, incubation lasts 11-12 days.

Range Map

Cerulean warbler range map.
Cerulean warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Chestnut-Sided Warbler

Chestnut sided warbler perched on a branch
Chestnut-sided warbler. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceThe chestnut-sided warbler is a small bird about 5″ long. It has an array of colors: a yellow cap, black mask, white on the face, chin, chest, and belly, yellow wing bars, and chestnut below the gray wings. The female is the same except she has brown below the wings rather than chestnut.
DietInsects and berries.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatThickly forested areas with young deciduous trees.
NestingA cup-shaped nest. They have 1 brood/season, and 3-5 eggs/brood that are white with brown markings. Incubation is for 12-13 days.
Chestnut-sided warbler range map.
Chestnut-sided warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Chipping Sparrow

Chipping sparrow perched on a branch
Chipping sparrow. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long, gray/brown with a light gray chest and rusty crown. Eyes have white eyebrows with a black eye lining, a thin gray-black bill, and 2 wing bars. Male and female look the same.
DietInsects and seeds.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seed, mixed seeds. Mostly a ground feeder.
HabitatOpen areas and edges of woodlands.
NestingThe nest is placed low in dense shrubs. They have 2 broods/year and 3-5 eggs/brood that are blue/green with brown markings. Incubation lasts 11-14 days.

Range Map

Chipping sparrow range map.
Chipping sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Cliff Swallow

Cliff swallow perched on the edge of a cliff
Cliff swallow. Image by TootSweetCarole from Pixabay
AppearanceCliff swallows are small birds about 5 1/2″ long with a chunky body, and short, square tail, and a short, pointy bill. They have a dark navy blue head & throat, white forehead, black wings with a navy patch, cinnamon throat, striped chest, and rump. Underparts are primarily white.
DietFlying insects.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatOpen areas, overhanging cliffs, and man-made structures for nesting.
NestingThey build their nests plastered to a sheltered rock wall of building often in large colonies with nests tightly packed in. They have 1-2 broods/season with 1-6 white, creamy or pink eggs in each brood. Incubation is for 10-19 days and nestlings fledge the nest about 20-26 days after hatching.

Range Map

Cliff swallow range map.
Cliff swallow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Common Grackle

Common Grackle
Common Grackle. aPhoto by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
Appearance12.5″ long bird with iridescent blue with purple and bronze. Eyes are yellow, long flared tail. Female is similar with less vibrant coloring (more brown) and shorter tail.
DietInsects, grains, seeds, fruit, scavenged garbage.
Feeder FoodSunflower seeds, black-oil sunflower seeds.
HabitatFields with scattered trees, open woodlands, farmlands, and marshes. Common in suburban yards.
NestingBulky cup-shaped nest of twigs placed 3-20′ high in conifer tree. 3-5 eggs incubated for 12-15 days. Young fledge at about 12-15 days.

Range Map

Common grackle range map.
Common grackle range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Common Yellowthroat

Common yellowthroat perched on a branch
Common yellowthroat. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long, olive-brown color with bright yellow throat and breast, and white belly. Black mask outlined in white. Long, thin, and pointy black bill. The Female is the same except with no black mask.
DietInsects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatCommon in thick brush, open fields, and marshes.
NestingCup-shaped nest located near the ground, often in a thick shrub. They have 2 broods/year, 1-6 eggs/brood, eggs are white with brown markings, and incubation lasts 11-12 days.

Range Map

Common yellowthroat range map.
Common yellowthroat range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Connecticut Warbler

Connecticut warbler on a tree branch
Connecticut warbler. Photo by Glenn Bartley.
AppearanceSmall bird about 5 1/2″ long with a gray head, white eyering, yellow belly, and brownish wings. Females are a duller version of the male and tend to be more brown than gray.
DietInsects and spiders.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen woodland areas, often in wet, marshy areas as well.
NestingTheir cup-shaped nest is located near the ground. They have 1 brood/year with 3-5 eggs/brood. Eggs are ivory with dark spots.

Range Map

Connecticut warbler range map.
Connecticut warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Dark-Eyed Junco

Dark-eyed junco. Photo by Lonnie Gilstrap.
Dark-eyed junco. Photo by Lonnie Gilstrap.
AppearanceDark-eyed juncos are tiny birds about 5.5″ – 6.5″ long. Males are dark gray with a white underside and pink bill. Females are the same except brownish gray.
DietInsects, spiders, seeds.
Feeder FoodNyjer, black-oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, cracked corn, hulled peanuts, and suet.
HabitatJuncos are found across the US and Canada so can be found in a variety of habitats including forested areas (both coniferous and deciduous), wide-open spaces, partially wooded edges, parks, and backyards.
NestingNests are located in a variety of locations from ground-level surrounded by vegetation to in a hanging basket. They have 1-3 broods/season, 3-6 eggs per brood that can be any of these colors: White, gray, pale bluish-white, or pale-greenish white speckled with brown, gray, and green. Occasionally unmarked. Incubation lasts 9-13 days.

Range Map

Map of the dark-eyed junco range
Map of the dark-eyed junco range.

Want to see dark-eyed juncos in your yard? Check out my article: 7 Proven Ways to Attract Dark-Eyed Juncos.

Downy Woodpecker

Male downy woodpecker at suet
Male downy woodpecker. Photo by John Holland Jr of JEHJR Photography
AppearanceDowny woodpeckers are small birds 6″ – 7″ long. Males are tuxedo-black with a white stripe on the back, white belly, white outer tail feathers, some spotted areas of white on the wings, a yellow/tan spot above the beak, and the infamous red patch on his head at the back of the crown. Females are nearly identical without the red coloring.
DietInsects, and fruit from trees/shrubs.
Feeder FoodSuet, peanut butter spread, Sunflower seeds, Safflower seeds, hulled peanuts, corn, fruits, nectar (sugar water).
HabitatAnywhere there are trees.
NestingDowny woodpeckers nest in cavities – either a hole in a tree trunk or a nesting box. Usually only one brood per season, 3-6 all-white eggs. Incubation is about 11-12 days.

Range Map

Downy woodpecker range map
Downy woodpecker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Eastern Bluebird

Male eastern bluebird
Male eastern bluebird. Photo by Mike Carmo.
Appearance7″ long, royal blue, orange throat & breast, white belly & undertail. Female is similar but more muted colors
DietInsects & spiders in spring/summer. Small fruit in Fall/Winter. 
Feeder FoodSuet, sunflower seeds, dried fruit, jelly. 
HabitatWide open spaces, fields, meadow.
NestingCavity nesters, 2-4 broods/season, on average 4-5 eggs/brood, pale blue eggs (sometimes white). 

Range Map

US map showing the migration range of the eastern bluebird
Map depicting where Eastern bluebirds can be found throughout the year. Compliments of Cornell University.

For more details about the Eastern Bluebird such as its mating & nesting, how to attract them to your yard, and more: check out 9 Proven Ways to Attract Eastern Bluebirds.


Eastern Kingbird

Eastern kingbird perched on a rock
Eastern kingbird. Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay
AppearanceMedium0sized bird about 8″ long. They’re mostly charcoal gray with a black head, white belly, and white chin. A white band goes across the end of their tail and they have a red crown that is mostly concealed.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen fields and prairies.
NestingCup-shaped nest. They have 1 brood/year with 33-4 eggs/brood. Eggs are white with brown markings and incubation lasts 16-18 days.

Range Map

Eastern kingbird range map.
Eastern kingbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Eastern Meadowlark

Eastern meadowlark singing on a fence post
Eastern meadowlark. Photo by Jeffrey Hamilton on Unsplash
AppearanceLarge bird about 9″ long with brown back, lemon yellow-colored chest, and black v-shape around the neck. White outer tail feathers. Female and male look the same.
DietInsects and seeds.
Feeder FoodHulled sunflower seeds and cracked corn.
HabitatOpen grassy areas.
NestingCup-shaped nest on the ground within a dense cover. They have 2 broods/year and 3-5 eggs/brood. Eggs are white with brown markings and incubation lasts 13-15 days.

Range Map

Eastern meadowlark range map
Eastern meadowlark range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Eastern Towhee

Eastern towhee on a branch
Eastern towhee. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall-medium-sized bird about 7-8″, mostly charcoal black with rusty-orange on the sides and a white belly. They have a long black tail with a white tip. The bill is short and pointy. They have ruby red eyes. The Female is the same but brown not black.
DietInsects, seeds, and fruit.
Feeder FoodGround feeder and will eat black-oil sunflower seeds, cracked corn, millet, milo, and peanut hearts.
HabitatScrubby areas along wooded edges, thick fields, and backyards.
NestingThe cup-shaped nest is typically located on the ground. They have 2 broods/year, and 3-4 eggs/brood. Eggs are ivory with brown spots and incubation lasts 12-13 days.
Eastern towhee range map.
Eastern towhee range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian collared dove perched on concrete block
Eurasian collared dove. Image by Markéta Machová from Pixabay
AppearanceThe Eurasian collared-dove is a large bird about 12 1/2″ long, gray/tan with a black collar on the back of its neck. Eyes are large and black, bill long and slightly curved down. They have a long, squared-off tail with a white tip best seen from underneath.
DietSeeds, grain, berries, and insects.
Feeder FoodMillet on the ground or platform feeder.
HabitatLive in towns, suburbs, and farms.
NestingThey build their flimsy platform nest of twigs and stick then place them in a tree or shrub about 1/2 way up. They have 3-6 broods/season with 1-2 eggs/brood. Eggs are white and slightly glossy. Incubation is for 14-19 days and fledglings leave the nest about 16-20 days after hatching.

Range Map

Eurasian collared dove range map.
Eurasian collared dove range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

European Starling

European starling singing on a branch
European starling.
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 7 1/2″ long with iridescent shades of purple and black with white speckles throughout. They have a long pointed gray bill in fall and yellow in spring. The tail is short. The Female looks the same.
DietInsects, seeds, fruit.
Feeder FoodEverything and anything you could offer at the feeder.
HabitatUrban and residential areas throughout the US and Canada including backyard lawns, parks, and fields.
NestingThey are cavity nesters and have 2 broods/year. 4-6 eggs/brood that is bluish with brown markings. Incubation lasts 12-14 days.

Range Map

European starling range map
European starling range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Field Sparrow

AppearanceSmall bird about 5 1/4″ long with muted coloring throughout. Gray face with a bright white eye ring, a rusty patch behind the eye, and a rusty crown. Underparts are gray with tan on the breast and sides. The short but stout bill is pink. The Female is similar but does not have a patch behind the eye, the crown is more muted, and the belly has light brown streaks.
DietInsects and small seeds.
Feeder FoodHulled sunflower seeds, millet, and cracked corn when scattered under the feeder.
HabitatBrushy woodlands with clearings and fields of tall grasses.
NestingCup-shaped nest low in a shrub or on the ground. 3-5 eggs incubated for about 10-12 days.

Range Map

Field sparrow range map.
Field sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Fish Crow

Fish crow head shot
Fish crow. Photo by Juho Luomala on Unsplash
AppearanceThe fish crow is a large bird about 15″ long. They’re all black with stocky legs and thick bills.
DietThis bird is not a picky eater. They’ll dine on insects, shrimp, crayfish, crabs, bird eggs, nestling birds, carrion, garbage, grain, seeds, and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatCoastal and inland water areas. Also, live in cities and suburbs.
NestingFish crows build a bulky basket of sticks, twigs, and grass and place high in a tree – as high as 80′ up. They have 1 brood/season and 4-5 eggs/brood. The eggs are light blue/green with spots. Incubation is for 16-19 days and fledglings leave the nest at 32-40 days after hatching.

Range Map

Fish crow range map.
Fish crow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Florida Scrub-Jay

florida scrub jay perched on a plant
Florida Scrub Jay. Photo by Save Our Florida Scrub Jays.
AppearanceAbout 10″ long, large blue bird, light gray back and belly, swipes of white through forehead, and very long tail. Female is similar.
DietVaried diet of insects, nuts (especially acorns), berries, small snakes, mice, and lizards.
Feeder FoodWhole peanuts.
HabitatLow-growing scrub oak exclusively in Florida.
NestingCup-shaped nest of twigs and fibers located at the edges of scrubbed areas. 1-2 broods/season, 1-6 eggs/brood, eggs are about 1″ long, green with brown spots, 16-21 day incubation and young fledge at about 12-25 days.

Range Map

Florida scrub jay range map.
Florida scrub jay range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Fox Sparrow

Fox sparrow perched on a branch
Fox sparrow. Photo by Christina Brinza on Unsplash
AppearanceThe fox sparrow is a medium-sized bird about 7 1/2″ long with rusty-red color. It has a heavy streaking of rust color on its breast and tail. The head and back are shades of gray. The female looks like the male.
DietInsects and seeds.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seed, hulled sunflower seed, nyjer, cracked corn, millet, and milo.
HabitatScrubby areas with thick vegetation.
NestingA cup-shaped nest. They have 2 broods/season with 2-4 pale green eggs with reddish spots, per brood. Incubation is for 12-14 days.

Range Map

Fox sparrow range map
Fox sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Golden-Crowned Kinglet

Golden-crowned kinglet
Golden-crowned kinglet. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash.
AppearanceGolden-crowned kinglets are small birds about 4″ long, olive-green in color with crowns striped with reddish/orange and white stripes above & below eyes. Females are the same except for their crowns are yellow instead.
DietInsects and spiders.
Feeder FoodSuet.
HabitatIn their year-round area, they generally inhabit mountainous regions with abundant coniferous trees. They nest in mixed forested areas and within small groups of trees with minimal or no undergrowth.
NestingThe golden-crowned kinglet builds a 3″x3″ cup-shaped, deep nest and places it at the intersection of several branches. They have 1-2 broods/season and 7-8 eggs/brood that are white/cream colored with specks of brown or lavender. Incubation lasts 15 days.

Range Map

Golden-crowned kinglet  range map
Golden-crowned kinglet range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Golden-Winged Warbler

Golden-winged warbler.
Golden-winged warbler.
AppearanceA small bird about 5″ long with a short tail and thin & pointy bill. They are silvery gray with a black mask and throat. A bright yellow crown and stripe of yellow on the upper wings. The female is similar with a green-yellow crown and dark gray throat & mask instead
DietInsects
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatDuring breeding, they can be found in shrubby open areas. Otherwise, the forest is their primary habitat.
NestingThe nesting site is on the ground. They have 1 brood/year, 3-6 eggs/brood, eggs are ivory or pale pink with tiny spots. Incubation is from 10-12 days.

Range Map

Golden-winged warbler range map.
Golden-winged warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Gray Catbird

Gray catbird.
Gray catbird. Image by Hans Toom from Pixabay
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 9″ long. Slate gray with a black crown and dark eyes. Bill is long, thin, and black. Usually concealed, a chestnut patch is under the tail. The female is the same.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen woodlands.
NestingThe nest is cup-sized. They have 2 broods/year, and 4-6 eggs/brood that are blue-green with no markings. Incubation is 12-13 days.

Range Map

Gray catbird range map.
Gray catbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Great Crested Flycatcher

Great crested flycatcher.
Great crested flycatcher. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceA medium-sized bird about 8 1/2″ long with dark olive-brown underparts, gray throat & breast, and lemon yellow belly. It has a small crest and long pointy bill.
DietInsects and small wild fruits.
Feeder FoodThey do not visit feeders.
HabitatOpen deciduous forested areas.
NestingThey build a bulky nest inside an old woodpecker hole or natural cavity. They have 4-8 eggs/brood that are ivory to light pink with brownish-purple spots. Incubation is 13-15 days.

Range Map

Great crested flycatcher range map.
Great crested flycatcher range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Green Heron

green heron
Green heron. Image by zoosnow from Pixabay
AppearanceLarge bird about 16-22″ long. They have a blue-green back, rusty red neck, and chest. The crest is dark green. Legs are normally yellow but turn bright orange during the breeding season. Female appearance is the same as the male.
DietFish, insects, aquatic plants.
Feeder FoodThey do not visit feeders.
HabitatWetlands include swamps, marshes, lakes, rivers, ponds, along the coast, etc.
NestingThey build a platform-style nest and have 2 broods/year. 2-4 eggs/brood that are light green with no markings. Incubation is 21-25 days.

Range Map

Green heron range map.
Green heron range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Hairy Woodpecker

Hairy woodpecker hopping up a tree
Hairy woodpecker. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceA medium-sized black-and-white bird about 9″ long with a white belly, black wings with white spots. A white stripe runs down the back. They have a red mark on the back of the head and a long black bill. The Female is the same except with no red mark.
DietInsects, seeds, nuts.
Feeder FoodSuet, hulled peanuts.
HabitatMature forested areas, urban and suburban areas where dense trees are found.
NestingThey are cavity nesters generally excavating their own holes. They have 1 brood/year, 3-6 white eggs per brood. Incubation is 11-15 days.

Range Map

Hairy woodpecker range map.
Hairy woodpecker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Hermit Thrush

Hermit thrush perched on a branch
Hermit thrust. Photo by Dietra Semple on Unsplash
AppearanceThe Hermit thrush is about 7″ long. In the east, they’re rich brown with brown flanks (belly area below the wing). In the west, they’re gray/brown with gray flanks.

They have a cinnamon-colored tail, dark round eyes with a white eye-ring, and tan breasts with dark spots.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatForested areas that are rich with coniferous and hardwood trees.
NestingThey build a cup-shaped nest made of grass and placed it on the ground. They have 1-2 broods/season, usually 4 eggs/brood and the eggs are light blue – sometimes with brown spots. Incubation is for 12-13 days and fledglings leave the nest about 12-13 days after hatching.

Range Map

Hermit thrush range map.
Hermit thrush range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Herring Gull

Herring gull
Herring gull. Photo by Ray Harrington on Unsplash
AppearanceThe herring gull is a large bird about 25″ long. They’re pal gray above with a white yead and underparts. The head has brown specks except for the summertime when it’s pure white. They have yellow eyes and bills, and pink legs.
Dietfish, marine life (shellfish, sea urchins, crabs…), insects, other bird eggs, and bird nestlings.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatOpen water areas both coastal and inland.
NestingHerring gulls nest on the ground. They have 1 brood/season and 3 eggs/brood. The eggs are light green/tan with spots. Incubation is for 27-30 days and fledglings leave the nest after a few days.

Range Map

Herring gull range map.
Herring gull range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Horned Lark

horned lark in the snow
Horned lark.
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 8″ long. Tan to brown with a black necklace and yellow chin. Bill is black. They have two tiny “horns” on the top of their head. The tail is black with white outer feathers.
DietSeeds and insects.
Feeder FoodThey do not visit feeders.
HabitatShort grassy areas such as prairies, deserts, beach dunes and farmers’ fields.
NestingThey have 2 broods/year, 3-4 eggs/brood that are gray with brown markings. The nest is located on the ground. Incubation from 11-12 days.

Range Map

Horned lark range map.
Horned lark range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

House Finch

Male house finch
Male house finch. Photo by Kathleen Balsamo.
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long, orange/red face chest and rump. Brown wings streaked with white. White belly with brown streaks. The Female and juvenile are brown with streaks of white.
DietSeeds, fruit, tree buds.
Feeder FoodBlack oil sunflower seed is their favorite.
HabitatHouse finches are found in the western and eastern parts of the US. They prefer to live around human dwellings (buildings, backyard trees, and shrubs, barns. Also are found in parks and other urban areas.
NestingSmall cup about 3-7″ wide, constructed from stems, leaves and plant roots, and feathers. The nests are built in coniferous or deciduous trees or even any place that holds a nest (ledges, vents, hanging plants). 1-6 broods/season, 2-6 eggs/brood, incubation is about 13-14 days and the young fledge between 12-19 days. Eggs are light blue/white and speckled with black and purple dots.

Range Map

House finch range map.
House finch range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

House Sparrow

Male and female house sparrows perched facing one another
Male and female house sparrows. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 6″ long. Brown with a large black spot on the chin down to the chest. White wing bar and gray belly & crown. The Female is a bit smaller, all light brown and no black.
DietSeeds, insects, fruit.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seed, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.
HabitatAround people and buildings in the city, towns, villages, suburbs, and farms.
NestingDom-shaped nest within a cavity. They have 2-3 broods/year, 4-6 white eggs with brown markings. Incubation is 10-12 days.

Range Map

House sparrow range map.
House sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

House Wren

House wren
House wren. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long. Brown bird with faint patterns throughout and a muted throat and belly. Long pointy bill and dark eyes.
DietInsects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatShrubby edges of woods, towns, and suburbs.
NestingThey are cavity nesters so will use an old woodpecker hole or manmade nesting box. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-10 eggs/brood incubated for 14 days. Eggs are white, light pink, or light gray with brown blotches.

Range Map

House wren range map.
House wren range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Indigo Bunting

Indigo bunting male
Male indigo bunting. Photo by Lonnie Gilstrap.
AppearanceSmall bird 5″ long. Breeding males are bright blue with short, gray, triangle-shaped beaks, and dark blue wings with a brush of tan. Wintering male and first-spring male are patchy brown and blue. Females are a soft yellowish-brown and some light streaking on the underparts.
DietSmall seeds, insects, and fruits. 
Feeder FoodAlthough not a regular at the feeder you may entice them with nyjer/thistle and white millet seeds.
HabitatBrushy fields, on weedy plants, scrub, and along the edges of the woods. Also in clearings within deciduous woods, and edges of swamps.
NestingCup-shaped nest in shrubs or trees 3′ high. Shrubs or trees 3′ high. 1-3 broods/season, 3-4 eggs/brood, eggs are white with few brown spots.

Range Map

Indigo bunting range map
Indigo bunting range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

For more detail about the Indigo Bunting such as its mating & nesting, how to attract them to your yard, and more: check out Proven Ways to Attract Indigo Buntings.


Killdeer

Killdeer
Killdeer. Photo by Y S on Unsplash
AppearanceMedium-large sized bird about 11″ long. Brown with black two bands around the neck, a white belly, red-orange rump, large orange eyes, long beaks, and long legs. Female looks like the male.
DietInsects.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatOpen grasslands.
NestingThey nest on the ground. They have 2 broods/year, 3-5 tan eggs/brood, and incubation is 24-28 days.

Range Map

Killdeer range map.
Killdeer range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Magnolia Warbler

Magnolia warbler on a branch
Magnolia warbler. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long with slate gray top and bright yellow under with black stripes. A black mask surrounds the eyes with a white strip above that. Short pointy bill and long, narrow tail. The female is lighter gray with a yellow belly but only a faint black stripe. She has no black mask, her eyes have white eye rings and splotches of yellow on her back.
DietInsects and sometimes fruit in fall.
Feeder FoodUnlike to visit feeders.
HabitatThickly forested areas with conifer trees.
NestingThey nest deep in coniferous trees. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-5 eggs/brood that are white some speckled. Incubation lasts 11-13 days.

Range Map

Magnolia warbler range map.
Magnolia warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Mallard

Male and female mallard floating on water together
A pair of mallards. Photo by Massimo Adami on Unsplash
AppearanceMallards are large ducks about 23″ long. The male has a metallic green head, chestnut breast, and yellow bill. The female is a mottled brown with an orange bill and heavily streaked dark brown.
DietInsect larvae, snails, seeds.
Feeder FoodThey’re not feeder visitors.
HabitatAround freshwater habitats.
NestingMallards nest on the ground near water. The nest is typically made from plant materials and lined with feathers and down. They have 1-2 broods/season and 10-12 eggs/brood. Incubation lasts for 28 days and fledglings leave their mom at about 7-8 weeks.

Range Map

Mallard range map.
Mallard range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Mississippi Kite

Mississippi kite with wings outspread
Mississippi kite. Photo by Massimo Adami on Unsplash
AppearanceMississippi kites are slim birds about 14″ long. They’re dark gray with a light gray to white head, red eyes, and light gray on the tips of the wings.
DietLarge flying insects, frogs, lizards, snakes, and small birds & mammals.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatGenerally found within shelterbelts (linear plantings of multiple rows of trees or shrubs established for environmental purposes such as protecting farmsteads and livestock areas), towns, and backyards within their range.
NestingMississippi kites nest in trees, often at the edge of a woodlot. They have 1 brood/season and 2 eggs/brood. Incubation is for 29-32 days and fledglings leave the nest at about 25-30 days.

Range Map

Mississippi kite range map.
Mississippi kite range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Mourning Dove

Mourning dove.
Mourning dove. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceA large bird about 12″ long smooth with fawn colors. Black spots on the wings and tail. A single black spot below and behind the eyes. Wide brown tail with white edges. Red-orange legs. Gray patch between head and back and iridescent colors around the neck. Large black eyes with light blue around the eyes. Pointy bill.
DietSeeds.
Feeder FoodWill come to eat seeds that drop below the feeder.
HabitatOpen areas.
NestingThey build a platform-style nest that’s located on a tree branch. Sometimes will nest on the ground. They have 2 broods/year, 2 eggs/brood that are white. Incubation is 13-14 days.

Range Map

Mourning dove range map.
Mourning dove range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Northern Bobwhite

Male and female northern bobsites sitting amidst purple flowers
Northern bobwhite pair. Image by PublicDomainImages from Pixabay
AppearanceNorthern bobwhites are a type of quail and are about 10″ long. They’re reddish-brown with streaking and spotting throughout. They have a whisp of a crown (hardly noticeable), and a white stripe starts at the bill and goes over the eye all the way to the back. Their throat is also white. Females are the same except the head is brown and tan.
DietSeeds, berries, and insects.
Feeder FoodThey will indulge in seed or crack corn scattered beneath the feeder.
HabitatFound in rural and farm areas.
NestingNorthern bobwhites nest on the ground in a sheltered location. They have 1-3 broods/season and 12-14 eggs/brood. Incubation is for 23 days and fledglings leave the nest about 7-10 days after hatching.

Range Map

Northern bobwhite range map
Northern bobwhite range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Northern Cardinal

Northern cardinal male
Northern cardinal male
Female cardinal with a backdrop of snow
Female cardinal. Photo by Cheryl Anne.
AppearanceNorthern cardinals are medium-sized bright red birds about 8 1/2″ long with a black mask, red crown, orange beak, and black areas on wings and tail. The female is buff-brown with a tan crown plus a tinge of red, red spots on the wings and tail, and an orange beak.
DietInsects, spiders, centipedes, snails, and slugs. Fruit and seeds from plants.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seed, safflower seed, mealworms, striped Sunflower seed, hulled peanuts, and cracked corn.
HabitatEdges of wooded areas to thickets, tangled vines, city parks, and our backyard gardens.
In the southwest live around desert washes, areas thick with mesquite, and along the riverbanks of wooded areas.
NestingOpen-cup nest in a dense shrub about 3-10′ up. They have 2-3 broods/year, 1-5 eggs/brood that are beige with brown spots. Incubation is 12-13 days.

Range Map

Northern cardinal range map
Northern cardinal range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Northern Flicker

Red-shafted northern flicker
Red-shafted northern flicker. Photo by Kathy Overfield.
Northern flicker
Yellow-shafted northern flicker. Photo by Mike Carmo.
AppearanceA large bird about 12.5″ long. They have brown backs with black bars, a black crescent on the upper chest, and white with black spots on the belly and underparts.
• In the eastern part of their range, they are referred to as “yellow-shafted northern flickers” and have bright yellow underwings and undertail. They have a gray crown, tan face, and a red patch on the nape. The male has a black swipe on his cheek, the female does not.
• In the western part of their range, they are referred to as “red-shafted northern flickers” and have pink underwings and undertail, brown crown, gray face, and crown & nape are brown. The male has a red swipe on his cheek, the female does not.
DietInsects, especially ants.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen areas near trees.
NestingThey are cavity nesters and have 1 brood/year. 5-8 white unmarked eggs per brood. Incubation is 11-14 days.

Range Map

Northern flicker range map
Northern flicker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Northern Mockingbird

Northern mockingbird standing on an electrical box
Northern mockingbird. Image by zoosnow from Pixabay
AppearanceNorthern mockingbirds are about 10″ long. They have gray above and white below. Wings are dark gray with patches of white. They have long beaks and yellow eyes.
DietInsects and berries.
Feeder FoodSuet.
HabitatNorthern mockingbirds prefer thickets and brushy areas with open areas nearby.
NestingThey nest in a thick shrub or gree between 1-10′ up. They have 2-3 broods/season and 2-6 eggs/brood. Eggs are pale blue/green with spots. Incubation is for 12-14 days and fledglings leave the nest at 11-15 days.

Range Map

Northern mockingbird range map.
Northern mockingbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Northern Parula

Northern Parula on a branch
Northern Parula. Photo by Ray Hennessy on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 4.5″ long, blue/gray with a yellow throat and back patch, bluish-gray overall with a yellow-green patch on the back, a brown band on lower, white strips above and below each eye. Females are similar but more muted colors. neck, and 2 white wing bars.
DietSpiders, insects, berries, seeds, nectar.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatPrefer forested areas especially when water is present (streams, marshes) and in the lowland where moss is present.
NestingNests are built in mossy vegetation as high up as 100′ at the end of a branch. 1-2 broods/season, 2-7 eggs/brood, eggs are about .65″ long, white with red/brown/purple speckles and incubation lasts about 12-14 days.

Range Map

Northern parula range map.
Northern parula range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Orange-Crowned Warbler

Orange crowned warbler perched on a branch
Orange-crowned warbler. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceThe orange-crowned warbler is a small bird about 5″ long. They are olive-green and yellow throughout with an orange crown that is barely visible. There’s a subtle dark line that runs through the eyes. They have yellow underneath that’s smudged with olive green.
DietInsects, small berries, and nectar.
Feeder FoodSuet and peanut butter spread.
HabitatThe orange-crowned warbler is found in a variety of habitats within its range from low-growing shrubs and thickets to coastal canyons and backyard gardens.
NestingThey build a cup-shaped nest of twigs and other plant material placed on or near the ground. They have 1 brood/season and 3-6 eggs/brood. The eggs are white/cream with spots. Incubation is for 11-13 days and fledglings leave the nest at 10-13 days.

Range Map

Orange-crowned warbler range map.
Orange-crowned warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Ovenbird

ovenbird
Ovenbird. Image by Hans Toom from Pixabay
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long. Olive-green with dark brown stripes on chest and belly, black and orange stripes on crown. Black eyes surrounded by a white eyering. Pink legs and short pointy tan bill. The female is the same.
DietInsects, sometimes seeds.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatForested areas with deciduous and coniferous trees that offer a canopy.
NestingThey nest on the forest floor deep inside the thick trees. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-6 eggs/brood that are white with brown specks. Incubation is 11-14 days.

Range Map

Ovenbird range map.
Ovenbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Pileated Woodpecker

Male pileated woodpecker
Male pileated woodpecker. Photo by Anne Spiers
AppearanceA large bird about 19″ in length. They’re mostly black with white stripes on their face and neck with white underwings. The flaming red triangle-shaped crest is unmistakable and the male also has a red stripe on his cheek. The female is the same except her crest does not go all the way to her bill. And, she does not have a red stripe on her cheek.
DietInsects, especially carpenter ants.
Feeder FoodSuet, shelled peanuts, safflower seed, sunflower seed, and
songbird fruit & nut seed mix.
HabitatForests and wooded areas that offer tall deciduous (leafy trees like maple &  beech), coniferous trees (like evergreen & pine), and lower fruit & nut-bearing trees & shrubs.
NestingThey excavate their own cavity in a tree. They have 3-6 white eggs per brood and incubate them for 15-18 days.

Range Map

US map showing the range of the pileated woodpecker
Map depicting where pileated woodpeckers live. Compliments of The Cornell University.

Pine Siskin

Pine siskin.
Pine siskin. Photo by Bryan Hanson on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall brown bird about 5″ long with streaks on back, breast, and belly. Some yellow in wing bars at end of the tail. The Female is the same.
DietSeeds, insects.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, suet & fruit.
HabitatOpen areas, wooded edges.
NestingCup-shaped nest for 2 broods/year. 3-4 eggs/brood that are green/blue with brown spots. Incubation is 12-13 days.

Range Map

Pine siskin range map.
Pine siskin range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Pine Warbler

pine warbler on a tree
Pine warbler.Image by Mickey Estes from Pixabay
AppearanceThe pine warbler is a yellow bird about 5 1/2″ long. The wings are brown with white and rump tan. They have short stubby bills, a subtle dark streak behind the eye, and bright yellow eyering. The female is duller and has a white belly.
DietInsects, berries, and seeds.
Feeder FoodMillet, sunflower seed, cracked corn, peanuts, and suet.
HabitatMixed forested areas.
NestingPine warblers build their open-cup nest high in a pine tree – as high as 50′ up. They have 1-2 broods/season and 4 eggs/brood. Incubation is for 10 days and fledglings leave the nest after 10 days.

Range Map

Pine warbler range map.
Pine warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Prairie Warbler

Prairie Warbler.
Prairie Warbler.
AppearanceA small yellow bird about 4 1/2″ long with black streaks on the belly, black eyeline,r and swipe under the eye. A chestnut patch shows on the back. Females are the same but more muted with a gray head and white eyering.
DietInsects and snails. Fruit and other plants on occasion.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatLow woody vegetation with plenty of open canopies, edges of wooded areas.
NestingNests are cup-shaped and located in thick tangles of shrubs less than 7 feet high. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-5 eggs/brood that are brown/gray with scattered spots. Incubation is 10-15 days.

Range Map

Prairie warbler range map.
Prairie warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Purple Finch

Male purple house finch
Male purple house finch. Photo by Chris Harris.
AppearanceSmall bird about 6″ long with a raspberry-red head with lighter shades on breast, back, and rump. The wings and tail are brown. Females are brown with brown striped breasts and white streaks across their eyes.
DietSeeds, insects, and fruit.
Feeder FoodBlack oil sunflower seeds are their favorite.
HabitatPrefer coniferous forests in summer along with mixed forests near streams and tree-lined backyards.
NestingNests are found anywhere from 2-60′ off the ground on a tree branch and constructed from twigs, sticks, and plant roots. Lined with grass and hair.

Range Map

Purple finch range map.
Purple finch range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Purple Martin

Purple Martin
Purple Martin. Photo by Ruth Cornwell.
Appearance8.5″ large bird with blue/purple head, back, and belly with black wings and tail.
DietInsects especially dragonflies.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatUsually within 100′ of human dwelling. Purple Martins exist in large colonies.
NestingCavity nester primarily using manmade nest boxes which accommodate a colony of birds. 1 brood/season, 4-5 white eggs/brood, 15-18 days incubation, fledge after 26-30 days.

Range Map

Purple martin range map.
Purple martin range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Red-bellied woodpecker climbing a tree
Red-bellied woodpecker. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceMedium-sized bird about 9 1/4″ long. Zebra-like striped back with a white rump. The red crown extends down the nape of the neck. The chest is tan with just a tinge of red on the belly. The females are the same except they don’t have a red crown.
DietInsects, nuts, fruit.
Feeder FoodSuet, hulled peanuts.
HabitatIn or near forests and woodlands.
NestingThey’re cavity nesters and prefer dead trees or fence posts. They have 1-3 broods/year, 2-6 eggs/brood. Eggs are white without markings. Incubation is 12-14 days.

Range Map

Red-bellied woodpecker range map.
Red-bellied woodpecker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Red-Breasted Nuthatch

Red-breasted nuthatch on a suet cage
Red-breasted nuthatch. Photo by Robert Heyer.
Appearance4.5″ long, gray/blue backs, white head with black stripes running over either eye, orange-cinnamon-colored breast, and a pointy pick-like beak. Females look the same except their underside is a more faded color. Usually spotted climbing upside-down a deciduous tree foraging for insects beneath the bark.
DietInsects, spiders, and other bugs.
Feeder FoodSuet, sunflower seeds, shelled peanuts, fruit.
HabitatForested areas primarily comprised of coniferous trees (i.e. pines). Woodsy areas of deciduous trees in the east. Southern birds prefer mountainous regions until winter comes in which case they head to lower land.
NestingCavity nesters – prefer to excavate their own holes. 1 brood/season, 6 eggs/brood, eggs are white & speckled with red-brown.

Range Map

Map of the red-breasted nuthatch range
Red-breasted nuthatch range. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

For more details about the Red-Breasted Nuthatch such as its mating & nesting details, how to attract them to your yard, and more: check out 7 Ways to Attract Red Breasted Nuthatches to Your Yard.


Red-Eyed Vireo

Red-eyed vireo.
Red-eyed vireo. Image by Hans Toom from Pixabay
AppearanceSmall bird about 6″ long. Olive-green bird with a black stripe above and across eye, gray crown, white underparts, and red eyes. Short pointed bill. Females are the same.
DietInsects and small fruits.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatMature deciduous forests and mixed pin forests as well as residential areas and parks.
NestingNests in a low tree or shrub between 5-10′ up. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-5 eggs/brood, and are incubated for 11-14 days.

Range Map

Red-eyed vireo range map.
Red-eyed vireo range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Red-Headed Woodpecker

Red-headed woodpecker.
Red-headed woodpecker. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceRed-headed woodpeckers are medium-sized birds about 9″ long with a red head, black back, white rump, chest, and belly. Also has white patches on its wings, black tail, and gray legs and bill. The female is the same as the male.
DietInsects, fruit, nuts, and seeds.
Feeder FoodSuet and hulled peanuts.
HabitatOpen woodlands especially when ample deciduous trees are present.
NestingThese birds are cavity nesters and will choose a tree hole or manmade nesting box. They have 1 brood/year, 4-5 white eggs/brood, and incubate for 12-13 days.

Range Map

Red-headed woodpecker  range map.
Red-headed woodpecker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Red-Winged Blackbird

Red-winged blackbird.
Red-winged blackbird. Photo by Richard Sagredo on Unsplash
AppearanceA medium-sized jet black bird about 8 1/2″ long with a red and yellow patch on the shoulder of the upper wing. Pointy black bill. The females are brown and heavily streaked. She has white eyebrows and a brown bill.
DietInsects, seeds.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seed, hulled sunflower seeds, cracked corn, peanut hearts, millet.
HabitatWet areas like marshes but also found in meadows, fields, and even wooded edges.
NestingCup-shaped nest located low in shrubs or trees. They have 1-2 broods/year, 3-4 eggs/brood that are bluish-green with brown markings. Incubation is 10-12 days.

Range Map

Red-winged blackbird range map.
Red-winged blackbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Ring-Billed Gull

Ring-billed gul standing beside water
Ring-billed gull. Image by Lee Dusing from Pixabay
AppearanceRing-billed gulls are about 17 1/2″ long. They’re light gray above and white below. The bill is yellow with a black ring. Their legs and eyes are yellow.
DietScavenges along water edges for garbage refuse, fish, insects, earthworms, and grains.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatIn and around water.
NestingRing-billed gulls are ground nesters. They have 1 brood/season and 2-4 eggs/brood. Incubation lasts 20-31 days and fledglings leave the nest after 4-5 days.

Range Map

Ring-billed gull range map.
Ring-billed gull range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Rock Pigeon

Rock Pigeon
Rock Pigeon. Photo by Kieran Somerville on Unsplash
AppearanceLarge bird 12-14″ long, chubby with blue/gray wings with black pointy tips, short red legs, black, round wide tail, and iridescent neck. 
DietGrains, seeds, and fruit. Commonly seen scavenging trash cans for food.
Feeder FoodMillet, cracked corn, black-oil sunflower seed, safflower, peanut hearts.
HabitatCommon around cities and towns as well as farmlands
NestingA large nest of sticks and grass wherever there’s a ledge (e.g. highway overpass, barns, bridges, tall buildings). 1-6 broods/year, 1-3 eggs/brood, eggs are white, incubation about 18 days and the young fledge at about 25-32 days.

Range Map

Rock pigeon jay range map.
Rock pigeon jay range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Rose-Breasted Grosbeak

Red-breasted grosbeak.
Red-breasted Grosbeak. Image by Kristine Waide from Pixabay
AppearanceA small bird about 7-8″ long. They’re black-and-white with a large red rose patch on the center of the chest. The wings are lined with rosy red. Large ivory bill. The females are streaked brown and white. Wings are lined with orange-yellow and they have a large white eyebrow line.
DietInsects, seeds, and fruit.
Feeder FoodSunflower seeds, safflower seeds, and hulled peanuts.
HabitatMixed forests (deciduous-coniferous), partially open areas, suburban areas, parks, orchards, and gardens.
NestingThe cup-shaped nest is placed on the fork of a tree branch. They have 102 broods/year, 1-5 eggs/brood, and the eggs are blue-green with brown markings. Incubation is 13-14 days.

Range Map

Red-breasted grosbeak range map.
Red-breasted Grosbeak range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet

Ruby-crowned kinglet.
Ruby-crowned kinglet. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceTiny bird about 4″ long a yellow-green color with two white wing bars and a hidden ruby-colored crown. Dark eyes with white eye-ring. Females look the same but lack the ruby crown
DietInsects, berries.
Feeder FoodHulled sunflower seeds, suet, peanut hearts, and mealworms.
HabitatWoodlands and forests.
NestingNests are placed in trees near the trunk and as high as 100′. They have 1 brood/year, 4-5 white and brown spotted eggs/brood and incubate for 11-12 days.

Range Map

Ruby-crowned kinglet range map.
Ruby-crowned kinglet range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated hummingbird.
Ruby-throated hummingbird. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceTiny bird about 3″ long with iridescent green and a black throat patch that reflects bright ruby red in the sunlight. Females are the same but don’t have the throat patch.
DietNectar, insects.
Feeder FoodNectar.
HabitatDeciduous woodlands and prairies.
NestingThimble-shaped nests are built high on the branch of a deciduous tree. They have 1-2 broods/year and 1-3 eggs/brood. Eggs are very tiny and white. Incubation is for 12-14 days.

Range Map

Ruby-throated hummingbird range map
Ruby-throated hummingbird range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Scarlet Tanager

Scarlet tanager
Male scarlet tanager. Photo by Cheryl Anne.
Female Scarlet tanager perched on a branch
Female scarlet tanager. Photo by Kayann Cassidy.
AppearanceApproximately 6.5″ long, vibrant red face and body (although many consider it a deep shade of orange), tan beak, black wings, and short black tail. No crown.
The female scarlet tanager (and juveniles) are the same except yellow instead of red.
DietInsects in summer; fruit in fall/winter.
Feeder FoodScarlet tanagers are unlikely to visit feeders. However, you can attract them by planting berry-producing plants such as blackberries, raspberries, huckleberries, juneberries, serviceberries, mulberries, and strawberries.
HabitatThickly forested regions in the eastern US. Often spotted high in the treetops.
NestingA loosely constructed nest of grass, twigs, bark strips, pine needs, and other plant materials. The nest rests high in a deciduous tree out in the middle of a horizontal branch about 50′ up. 1 brood/season, 3-5 eggs/brood, eggs are green/blue with multicolored and shaded marks of brown, purple/red. Incubation is 12-14 days and the young fledge between 9-15 days.

Range Map

Scarlet tanager range map.
Scarlet tanager range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Song Sparrow

Song sparrow on a branch
Song sparrow. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird between 5-6″ in length with a round head and varying shades of brown streaks on the chest that converge into a central dark spot. Dark brown eyes, short stubby beak, and long, round tail. Females appear the same.
DietInsects and seeds.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen areas and edges of woodlands.
NestingCup-shaped nest. They have 2 broods/year, 3-4 eggs/broods, eggs are blue to green with reddish-brown marks. Incubation is 12-14 days.

Range Map

Song sparrow range map.
Song sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Summer Tanager

Summer tanager
Male summer tanager. Photo by Renee Kramer.
AppearanceSmall bird about 6.5-7″ long, bright red all over, long tan beak, medium-length tail, no crown. Female and juvenile are yellow.
DietInsects, especially bees and wasps. Also dine on spiders, cicadas, beetles, ants, and termites. Fruit including mulberries, pokeweed, citrus, and bananas.
Feeder FoodUnliked to visit a feeder. However, they can be enticed by planting berry trees and shrubs – especially near a forested area.
HabitatOpen forested areas that contain deciduous & pine trees throughout much of south-central and southeastern US.
NestingThe nest is constructed primarily from dried grasses and herbs into a small cavity and often placed at the fork of tree branches. 1-2 broods/season, 3-4 eggs/brood, incubation is 11-12 days and the young fledge after about 8-12 days. Eggs are pale blue/green with brown spots.

Range Map

Summer tanager range map
Summer tanager range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Swainson’s Thrush

Swainson's thrush perched on a branch
Swainson’s thrush. Image by Hans Toom from Pixabay
AppearanceSwainson’s thrush is about 7″ long. Their upper parts are brown and their underparts are white with spots. Their dark eyes have a buffy eye ring as well as flanks.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatForests.
NestingSwanson’s thrush builds a compact cup-style nest and is placed in a small tree about 2-7′ up. They have 1 brood/season and 4 eggs/brood. Eggs are blu-green with spots. Incubation is for 10-14 days and fledglings leave the nest at about 14 days.

Range Map

Swainson's thrush range map.
Swainson’s thrush range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Tree Swallow

Tree Swallow
Tree Swallow. Photo by Lisa Minica.
Appearance5-6″ long, dark metallic blue – blue/green with white belly, notched tail and pointed wing tips. Females have same coloring but a bit duller.
DietInsects and small fruits.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatOpen areas such as fields, large lawns, and marshes.
NestingCavity nester, will use a manmade nest box or natural woodpecker tree hold. 1 brood/season, 4-6 white eggs, 13-16 days of incubation.

Range Map

Tree swallow range map.
Tree swallow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Tufted Titmouse

Tufted titmouse.
Tufted titmouse. Image by Gregory Sabin from Pixabay
AppearanceSmall bird about 6″ long with slate gray above and white chest, belly and around eyes. Below wings is rusty brown, legs are gray and eyes are dark. Has a pointed “tuft” crest.
DietInsects, seeds, fruit.
Feeder FoodSuet.
HabitatOrchards are a draw for them as they consume fruit. They also live in deciduous wooed areas or mixed woods.
NestingThey build a nest within a cavity – usually an old woodpecker hole. They have 2 broods/year and 5-7 eggs/brood that are white with brown markings. Incubation lasts 13-14 days.

Tufted titmouse range map.
Tufted titmouse range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Turkey Vulture

Tyurkey vulture perched on a branch with wings outspread
Turkey vulture. Image by Hans Toom from Pixabay
AppearanceThe turkey vulture is a large bird about 27″ long, black/brown, a red head of bare skin and pink legs
DietAnimal carcasses.
Feeder FoodThey don’t visit feeders.
HabitatWooded areas with open areas for foraging.
NestingThey nest on the ground in a rocky crevice, cliff, or hollowed-out log. They have 1 brood/season, 1-3 eggs/brood that are creamy-white with gray/blue or green spots, and incubate for 38-41 days. Fledglings leave the nest 75-80 days after hatching.

Range Map

Turkey vulture range map.
Turkey vulture range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Veery

Veery (Catharus fuscescens) on the ground in spring.
Veery.
AppearanceSmall cinnamon-brown bird about 7″ long with pale yellow spotted throat, and white on chest and belly. Females appear the same.
Diet Insects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatThick forest and woodlands.
NestingNests are located close to the ground (less than 5′ high if placed in shrub), 1-2 broods/year, 1-5 eggs/broods, greenish/blue eggs are incubated for 10-14 days.

Range Map

Veery range map.
Veery range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Western Spindalis

western spindalis in a tree
Western Spindalis.
AppearanceThe western spindalis has a burnt orange chest, stripe from the bill to the chest, upper back, and as well as under lower wings. The head and wings are black-and-white striped, and the belly is bright white. The female is similar but a drab olive green instead of orange.
DietAlthough not confirmed, they likely consume fruit as they’re frequently found in fruiting trees.
Feeder FoodUnknown
HabitatThe western spindalis are typically found in the Caribbean and South America. However, they’ve also been sighted in southern Florida.
NestingUnknown

Range Map

Western spindalis range map.
Western spindalis range map.

White-Breasted Nuthatch

White-Breasted Nuthatch
White-Breasted Nuthatch. Photo by Shawn Conlon.
Appearance5-6″ long, gray/blue back, white head with a black cap, chestnut under the tail, and a long thin pick-like beak. Females look similar except their cap and neck are gray. Usually spotted climbing upside-down a deciduous tree foraging for insects beneath the bark.
DietInsects & seeds.
Feeder FoodSuet, sunflower seed, shelled peanuts.
HabitatNear mature deciduous and mixed forests; wooded suburban areas such as orchards, parks, and backyards.
NestingCavity nester, 1 brood/season, 5-9 eggs/brood, eggs are white with brown markings, incubation is 11-12 days and young fledge at about 13-14 days.

Range Map

White breasted nuthatch range map
White breasted nuthatch range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

White-Crowned Sparrow

White-crowned sparrow.
White-crowned sparrow. Image by Kara Skye from Pixabay
AppearanceSmall bird about 7″ long. Mostly brown with a gray throat & chest, black & white striped crown, and a small thin pink bill. The female is the same.
DietInsects, seeds, berries.
Feeder FoodBlack-oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower, cracked corn, millet, and milo.
HabitatOpen areas with shrubby thickets, open meadows, and forest edges.
NestingThey have 2 broods/year, 3-7 eggs/brood that are green/blue/white with dark brown markings. Incubation lasts 11-14 days.

White-crowned sparrow range map.
White-crowned sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

White-Throated Sparrow

White throated sparrow perched on a branch
White throated sparrow. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 6-7″ long. Brown with gray chest and belly. Has a small yellow spot between its eyes (lore). A white patch on its throat and crown. They have white or tan stripes alternating with black stripes. Female and male are the same.
DietInsects, fruit, seeds.
Feeder FoodMillet and sunflower seeds.
HabitatForested areas of coniferous and deciduous trees.
NestingThey have 1 brood/year and 4-6 eggs/brood in a cup-shaped nest. Incubation lasts 11-14 days.

Range Map

White-throated sparrow range map.
White-throated sparrow range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

White-winged Dove

White winged dove perched on a tree branch
White-winged Dove.
AppearanceWhite-winged doves are 11 1/2″ long, brown/gray with gray below. They have blue skin around their orange-red eyes, a black stripe on their cheeks, and a downcurved bill. The wings and tail have white edges.
DietSeeds, nuts, and fruits.
Feeder FoodSunflower, seeds, milo, corn, and safflower seed.
HabitatWooded areas with waterways, mesquite woodlands, deserts, and wooded residential areas.
NestingWhite-winged doves nest in trees. They have 2-3 broods and 2 eggs/brood. Incubation is for 14-20 days and fledglings leave the nest at 13-18 days.

Range Map

White-winged dove range map.
White-winged dove range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Wilson’s Warbler

Wilson's warbler perched on a branch
Wilson’s warbler. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceWilson’s warbler is a very small bird about 4-5″ long. They’re bright yellow with subdued tones of olive-yellow outside of the face, a black cap (looks a bit like a toupe), and black wings with white stripes. Their bills are short and pointy, eyes dark black.
The female is the same except the cap is light charcoal.
Dietinsects, especially larval insects, spiders, and the sugary liquid from scale insects (tiny insects that feed on plants).
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatForested edges, shrubby thickets, and often young conifer trees.
NestingThis bird places their 3-4″ nest on the ground. Sometimes nests are in shrubs in which case they are a bit bigger. They have 1-2 broods/season, 2-7 eggs/brood that are white/ivory with reddish/brown specks. Incubation is for 10-13 days and juveniles leave the nest at about 9-11 days.

Range Map

Wilson’s warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.


Wood Thrush

AppearanceA medium-sized bird about 7″ long. They’re primarily cinnamon brown with bold black spots on a pure white background from the throat to chest and belly. They have dark eyes and a white eye ring.
DietInsects and fruit.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatMoist wooded areas with hardwood and mixed trees.
NestingAn open cup-shaped nest is located about 10 high in a sapling or large shrub. They have 1-2 broods/year, and 3-4 eggs/brood which are incubated for 11-14 days. Eggs are turquoise-green with no marking.

Range Map

Wood thrush range map.
Wood thrush range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Yellow Warbler

Yellow warbler perched on a branch
Yellow warbler. Photo by Patrice Bouchard on Unsplash
AppearanceSmall bird about 5″ long primarily yellow with orange streaks on the chest and belly, and black-streaked wings. Bill is long, pointy, and gray. The Female is a muted olive-green version of the male without the orange chest.
DietInsects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatShrubby areas and gardens, willows, wet thickets, and roadsides.
NestingCup-shaped nest to raise 1 brood/year. They have 4-5 eggs/brood that is white with brown markings. Incubation lasts 11-12 days.

Range Map

Yellow warbler range map.
Yellow warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

Yellow-bellied sapsucker climbing side of tree
Yellow-bellied sapsucker. Image by iTop Loveliness from Pixabay
AppearanceSmall bird about 8-9″ long with a checkered back. They have a red forehead, crown, and chin. The chest and belly are tan to yellow and have white wing patches. The Female is similar except she has a white marking on her chin.
DietInsects and tree sap.
Feeder FoodSuet and mealworms.
HabitatDensely wooded areas with living trees.
NestingThey are cavity nesters and have 1 brood per year. 5-6 eggs/brood are all white. Incubation lasts 12-13 days.

Range Map

Yellow-bellied sapsucker range map.
Yellow-bellied sapsucker range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Yellow-Billed Cuckoo

Yellow-billed cuckoo.
Yellow-billed cuckoo. Photo by Joshua J. Cotten on Unsplash
AppearanceA medium-large bird about 12″ long. Reddish wings, white throat, and belly, a white tail pattern with spots underneath, yellow eye ring, thick yellow bill.
DietLarge insects.
Feeder FoodUnlikely to visit a feeder.
HabitatDeciduous woodland with clearings or bordering rivers.
NestingLoose platform-style nest located midway in a tree or shrub. Has 1-2 broods/year, 1-5 eggs/brood, eggs are light bluish-green and incubated for 9-11 days.

Range Map

Yellow-billed cuckoo range map.
Yellow-billed cuckoo range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Yellow-Rumped Warbler

Yellow-rumped warbler perched on a branch
Male yellow-rumped warbler. Photo by Anne Spiers.
AppearanceThe male is slate gray with a black mask and beak. Yellow patches on the sides of its lower belly, head, and rump. White and gray striped throughout chest and belly.
The female is similar but duller in color and browner than she is slate gray.
DietInsects, berries.
Feeder FoodPeanuts, mealworms, nectar, fruit, suet with peanut butter.
HabitatJust about anywhere as they are very adaptable. Found in woods, bogs, forest and wooded edges, coniferous and deciduous trees, and wide-open areas.
NestingThe female builds a cup-shaped nest in a tree, has 2 broods per year, 4-5 eggs per brood, and eggs are white with brown spots and incubated between 12-13 days.

Range Map

Yellow-rumped warbler range map.
Yellow-rumped warbler range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Yellow-Throated Vireo

Yellow throated vireo perched on a branch
Yellow-throated vireo.
AppearanceThe yellow-throated vireo is a small bird about 5 1/2″ long. They have a yellow head, throat, and chest. The belly is white and the rump is gray. Wings are brown with white edges,
DietInsects and small fruit.
Feeder FoodUnknown.
HabitatForest edges and open woodlands.
NestingYellow-throated vireos nest in trees as high as 60′ up. Their deep, round nest is woven into the intersection of forked twigs. They have 1 brood/season and 4 eggs/brood. eggs are cream white with spots. Incubation is for 13 days and fledglings leave the nest after 13 days.

Range Map

Yellow-throated vireo range map.
Yellow-throated vireo range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.

Keep this article handy. When you see an amazing bird in Florida – I guarantee you’ll want to know the species and details about it. Trust me! 

Happy Birding!


Sources

All About BirdsThe Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 2021
eBirdThe Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 2021
Noah, Strycker, and Alderfer Jonathan. National Geographic Backyard Guide to the Birds of North America. 2nd ed., National Geographic, 2019.