Gyrfalcon in Winter

Gyrfalcon looking straight ahead
Gyrfalcon. Image by Steve Crowhurst.

Appearance: Gyrfalcons are enormous birds about 19-26″ long. The more regal variety of this bird is white with black spots. However, they do come in other shades including white, gray, and dark brown. The wings, back, and tails are barred with either gray or dark brown. The wings and tail are long. The females are the same but much larger.

Winter diet: Birds and small mammals (e.g. rabbits, squirrels).

Winter feeder food: Not feeder birds.

Winter habitat: Gyrfalcons prefer the northern tundra both inland and along the coasts where seabirds and waterfowl are on the menu. Occasionally they can be found along the edges of forested areas. In lower elevations, they are found in open areas.

Migration: Gyrfalcons are migrators. In the winter they can be found in Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, North & South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and all Canadian provinces.

Gyrfalcon range map.
Gyrfalcon range map.