Spectacled Eider

Spectacled eider standing beside water
Spectacled eider. Image by PublicDomainImages from Pixabay
AppearanceThe spectacle eider is a mysterious-looking medium-sized water bird about 20″ long. The male has a white back, black underparts, white feathers, an orange bill, a long sloping forehead, varying shades of green around the head, and white round “spectacles” around each eye. The female is similar except she’s a dull brown.
DietMollusks, aquatic insects, crustaceans, and plant material.
Feeder FoodN/A
HabitatWet ocean tundra regions on the west coast of Alaska.
NestingThe female constructs the nest by creating a shallow depression along the edge of a water source. It’s lined with down and other plant materials.
Clutch: 3-9 eggs
Egg color: pale olive
Incubation: The female incubates for about 24 days. The young leave the nest soon after hatching. Their first flight takes place about 53 days later.

Range Map

Spectacled eider range map.
Spectacled eider range map. Compliments of The Cornell Lab.